Technical Papers | Review Articles | Conference Proceedings

= denotes the authors with equal contributions; * denotes the corresponding author(s)

Preprints & manuscripts in preparation

41. Zhu J. Methods - Suggestions for Mechanical Characterization Tests on Li-ion Batteries to Develop Useful Cell-level Models. In preparation

40. Zhu J. & Bazant M. Z. Learning Yield Surfaces From One Single Test. In preparation

39. Zhu J. & Bazant M. Z. A Continuum Theory for the Electro-Chemo-Mechanics of Porous Electrodes. In preparation


38. Li W., Xing B., Watkins T., Xia Y., Wang H.*, Zhu J.* Damage of Prismatic Lithium-ion Cells Subject to Bending: Test, Model, and Detection. Under review

37. Zhou Y.R., Effendy S., Zhu J., Petr M. T., Cwalina C. D., Bazant M. Z., Li J., Short M. P., Yildiz B. Coupled Effect of Water Absorption and Ion Transport in Hydrated Latex Anti-corrosion Coatings. Under review


36. Zhu J.= *, Mathews I.=, Ren D.=, Li W., Cogswell D., Xing B., Sedlatschek T., Rantareddy S.N.R., Yi M., Gao T., Xia Y., Zhou Q., Wierzbicki T., Bazant M.Z. End-of-Life or Second-Life Options for Retired Electric Vehicle Batteries. Cell Reports Physical Science. 2,8(2021) 100537

35. Tancogne-Dejean T., Gorji M.B., Zhu J., Mohr D., Recurrent Neural Network Plasticity Model of Lithium-ion Battery Cells. International Journal of Plasticity. In press

34. Li W., Bazant M.Z., Zhu J.* A physics-guided neural network framework of elastic plates: comparison of governing equations-based and energy-based approaches. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 381,1(2021) 113933. (arXiv: 2010.06050)

33. Xu H., Zhu J., Finegan D. P., Zhao H., Lu X., Li W., Hoffman N., Shearing P., Bazant M. Z. Guiding the design of heterogeneous electrode microstructures for Li-ion batteries: microscopic imaging, predictive modeling, and machine learning. Advanced Energy Materials. (2021) 2003908

32. Wierzbicki T., Li W., Liu Y., Zhu J. Effect of receptors on the resonant and transient harmonic vibrations of Coronavirus. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. 150 (2021) 104369

31. Finegan D.P., Zhu J., Feng X., Keyser M., Ulmefors M., Li W., Bazant M.Z., Cooper S.J. The Application of Data-Driven Methods and Physics-Based Learning for Improving Battery Safety. Joule. 5 2 (2021) 316-329

30. Sedlatschek T., Lian J., Li W., Jiang M., Wierzbicki T., Bazant M.Z.*, Zhu J.* Large-deformation plasticity and fracture behavior of pure lithium under various stress states. Acta Materialia. 208 15 (2021) 116730


29. Li W. & Zhu J.* A Large Deformation and Fracture Model of Lithium-Ion Battery Cells Treated as a Homogenized Medium. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2020, 167 120504

28. Lian J.*, Koch M.M., Wierzbicki T., Zhu J.* Mechanical Deformation of Lithium-Ion Pouch Cells under In-Plane Loads—Part II: Computational Modeling. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2020, 167 (9), 090556 (Focus Issue on battery safety, open access)

27. Zhu J.*, Koch M.M., Lian J., Wierzbicki T. Mechanical Deformation of Lithium-Ion Pouch Cells under In-Plane Loads—Part I: Experimental Investigation. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2020, 167 (9), 090533 (Focus Issue on battery safety, open access)

26. Pan Z., Zhu J.*, Xu H.*, Sadlatschek T., Zhang X., Li W., Gao T., Xia Y., Wierzbicki T. Microstructural deformation patterns of a highly orthotropic polypropylene separator of lithium-ion batteries: Mechanism, model, and theory. Extreme Mechanics Letters. 2020 (37) 100705


25. Li W.=, Zhu J.= *, Xia Y.*, Gorji M., Wierzbicki T. Data-driven safety envelope of lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles. Joule. 2019. 3 (11), 2703-2715

24. Zhu J.= *, Li W.=, Wierzbicki T., Xia Y.*, Harding J. Deformation and failure of lithium-ion batteries treated as a discrete layered structure. International Journal of Plasticity. 2019,121:293-311

23. Lian J.*, Wierzbicki T., Zhu J., Li W. Prediction of shear crack formation of Lithium-ion batteries under rod indentation: Comparison of seven failure criteria. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 2019. 217:106520.

22. Zhu J.*, Luo H., Li W., Gao T., Xia Y.*, Wierzbicki T. Mechanism of strengthening of battery resistance under dynamic loading. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 2019, 131, 78-84.


21. Zhu J., Wierzbicki T., Pack K., Roggeband S. Characterization of the cyclic loading in the tube expansion process. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. 2018, 150, 112-126.

20. Zhu J.= *, Li W.=, Xia Y., Sahraei E. Testing and modeling the mechanical properties of the granular materials of graphite anode. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2018, 165 (5), A1160-A1168

19. Zhu J.*, Zhang X, Luo H, Sahraei E.* Investigation of the deformation mechanisms of lithium-ion battery components using in-situ micro tests. Applied Energy. 2018, 224, 251-266

18. Zhu J.*, Zhang X., Wierzbicki T., et al. Design of the shield plate for Electric Vehicle battery pack against ground impact. Proceedings of SAE Conference. 2018

17. Li W., Luo H., Zhu J., Xia Y. SOC-dependence of the mechanical behavior of lithium-ion batteries: a result of internal stress. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2018, 165 (7), A1537-A1546

16. Chung S.H., Tancogne-Dejean T., Zhu J. et al. Failure in lithium-ion batteries under transverse indentation loading. Journal of Power Sources. 2018, 389, 148-159

15. Zhu J., Zhang X., Wierzbicki T. Stretch-induced wrinkling of highly orthotropic thin films. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 2018, 139, 238-249

14. Zhu J., Wierzbicki T., Li W. A review of safety-focused mechanical modeling of commercial lithium-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 2018, 378: 153-168.

13. Luo H., Zhu J., Sahraei E., Xia Y.* Adhesion strength of the cathode in lithium-ion batteries under combined tension/shear loadings. RSC Advances, 2018, 8(8): 3996-4005.


12. Zhang X., Zhu J., Sahraei E. Degradation of battery separators under charge–discharge cycles. RSC Advances, 2017, 7(88): 56099-56107.

11. Qin Z., Zhu J., Li W., Xia Y.*, Zhou Q. System ringing in impact test triggered by upper-and-lower yield points of materials. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2017.


10. Zhu J., Zhang X., Sahraei E., Wierzbicki T. Deformation and failure mechanisms of 18650 battery cells under axial compression. Journal of Power Sources 336 (2016): 332-340.

9. Zhu J., Xia Y., Zhou Q., Wierzbicki T. A rate-dependent model for metals based on a master curve of normalized hardening behavior of DP steels. Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials, 2016, 2(2): 272-282.

8. Xia Y.*, Zhu J., Wang K., Zhou Q. Design and verification of a strain gauge based load-sensing block for low speed dynamic tests with a servo-hydraulic test machine. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 88 (2016) 139-152.


7. Li W., Zhu J., Xia Y., Zhou Q. Testing and modeling the effect of strain-rate on plastic anisotropy for a traditional High Strength Steel. ASME 2015 IMECE. Huston, Texas, USA.

6. Xia Y., Zhu J., Zhou Q. Verification of a multiple-machine program for material testing from quasi-static to high strain-rate. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2015, 86: 284-294.


5. Zhu J., Xia Y., Luo H., Gu G., Zhou Q. Influence of flow rule and calibration approach on plasticity characterization of DP780 steel sheets using Hill48 model. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. 89 (2014) 148–157.

3. Zhu J., Xia Y., Ma L., Wei X., Zhou Q. Simulation of a bumper crash test with characterizations of plastic anisotropy and strain rate dependence of the high strength steel sheets. Proceedings of The 17th Conference of Automotive Safety Technology, Baoding, China, 2014.

2. Zhu J., Zeng L., Ma L., Xia Y.*, Zhou Q. A hybrid experimental-numerical converse method for the necking behavior study of high strength steel sheets. Transactions of Beijing Institute of Technology. (34). 2014.

1. Zhu J., Meng Y., Luo H., Xia Y. Effect of different objective stress rates on the simulation results of large plastic deformation (in Chinese). FEA Information. 2014 (4): 17-24.