Journal Articles | Preprints | Manuscripts

= denotes the authors with equal contributions; * denotes the corresponding author(s)

Preprints & manuscripts in preparation

36. Li W. et al. Mechanism of Lithium Penetration into Sulfide-based Solid Electrolyte Driven by External Pressure. In preparation

35. Li W., et al. Variational Method-Based Operator Neural Network for Dynamic Systems Governed by Gradient Flows. In preparation

34. Singh A., et al. Role of Anisotropic Modulation on the Electro-Chemo-Mechanical Performance of Realistic 3-D NMC Polycrystalline Particle for Solid-State Batteries. In preparation

33. Zhu J.* Methods - Suggestions for Mechanical Characterization Tests on Li-ion Batteries to Develop Useful Cell-level Models. In preparation


32. Li W., Xing B., Watkins T., Xia Y., Wang H.*, Zhu J.* Damage of Prismatic Lithium-ion Cells Subject to Bending: Test, Model, and Detection. EcoMat, In press

31. Zhou Y.R., Effendy S., Zhu J., Petr M. T., Cwalina C. D., Bazant M. Z., Li J., Short M. P., Yildiz B. Coupled Effect of Water Absorption and Ion Transport in Hydrated Latex Anti-corrosion Coatings. Under review


30. Zhu J.= *, Mathews I.=, Ren D.=, Li W., Cogswell D., Xing B., Sedlatschek T., Rantareddy S.N.R., Yi M., Gao T., Xia Y., Zhou Q., Wierzbicki T., Bazant M.Z. End-of-Life or Second-Life Options for Retired Electric Vehicle Batteries. Cell Reports Physical Science. 2,8(2021) 100537

29. Tancogne-Dejean T., Gorji M.B., Zhu J., Mohr D., Recurrent Neural Network Plasticity Model of Lithium-ion Battery Cells. International Journal of Plasticity. 146(2021) 103072

28. Li W., Bazant M.Z., Zhu J.* A physics-guided neural network framework of elastic plates: comparison of governing equations-based and energy-based approaches. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 381,1(2021) 113933. (arXiv: 2010.06050)

27. Xu H., Zhu J., Finegan D. P., Zhao H., Lu X., Li W., Hoffman N., Shearing P., Bazant M. Z. Guiding the design of heterogeneous electrode microstructures for Li-ion batteries: microscopic imaging, predictive modeling, and machine learning. Advanced Energy Materials. (2021) 2003908

26. Finegan D.P., Zhu J., Feng X., Keyser M., Ulmefors M., Li W., Bazant M.Z., Cooper S.J. The Application of Data-Driven Methods and Physics-Based Learning for Improving Battery Safety. Joule. 5 2 (2021) 316-329

25. Sedlatschek T., Lian J., Li W., Jiang M., Wierzbicki T., Bazant M.Z.*, Zhu J.* Large-deformation plasticity and fracture behavior of pure lithium under various stress states. Acta Materialia. 208 15 (2021) 116730


24. Li W. & Zhu J.* A Large Deformation and Fracture Model of Lithium-Ion Battery Cells Treated as a Homogenized Medium. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2020, 167 120504

23. Lian J.*, Koch M.M., Wierzbicki T., Zhu J.* Mechanical Deformation of Lithium-Ion Pouch Cells under In-Plane Loads—Part II: Computational Modeling. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2020, 167 (9), 090556 (Focus Issue on battery safety, open access)

22. Zhu J.*, Koch M.M., Lian J., Wierzbicki T. Mechanical Deformation of Lithium-Ion Pouch Cells under In-Plane Loads—Part I: Experimental Investigation. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2020, 167 (9), 090533 (Focus Issue on battery safety, open access)

21. Pan Z., Zhu J.*, Xu H.*, Sadlatschek T., Zhang X., Li W., Gao T., Xia Y., Wierzbicki T. Microstructural deformation patterns of a highly orthotropic polypropylene separator of lithium-ion batteries: Mechanism, model, and theory. Extreme Mechanics Letters. 2020 (37) 100705


20. Li W.=, Zhu J.= *, Xia Y.*, Gorji M., Wierzbicki T. Data-driven safety envelope of lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles. Joule. 2019. 3 (11), 2703-2715

19. Zhu J.= *, Li W.=, Wierzbicki T., Xia Y.*, Harding J. Deformation and failure of lithium-ion batteries treated as a discrete layered structure. International Journal of Plasticity. 2019,121:293-311

18. Lian J.*, Wierzbicki T., Zhu J., Li W. Prediction of shear crack formation of Lithium-ion batteries under rod indentation: Comparison of seven failure criteria. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 2019. 217:106520.

17. Zhu J.*, Luo H., Li W., Gao T., Xia Y.*, Wierzbicki T. Mechanism of strengthening of battery resistance under dynamic loading. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 2019, 131, 78-84.


16. Zhu J., Wierzbicki T., Pack K., Roggeband S. Characterization of the cyclic loading in the tube expansion process. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. 2018, 150, 112-126.

15. Zhu J.= *, Li W.=, Xia Y., Sahraei E. Testing and modeling the mechanical properties of the granular materials of graphite anode. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2018, 165 (5), A1160-A1168

14. Zhu J.*, Zhang X, Luo H, Sahraei E.* Investigation of the deformation mechanisms of lithium-ion battery components using in-situ micro tests. Applied Energy. 2018, 224, 251-266

13. Zhu J.*, Zhang X., Wierzbicki T., et al. Design of the shield plate for Electric Vehicle battery pack against ground impact. Proceedings of SAE Conference. 2018

12. Li W., Luo H., Zhu J., Xia Y. SOC-dependence of the mechanical behavior of lithium-ion batteries: a result of internal stress. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2018, 165 (7), A1537-A1546

11. Chung S.H., Tancogne-Dejean T., Zhu J. et al. Failure in lithium-ion batteries under transverse indentation loading. Journal of Power Sources. 2018, 389, 148-159

10. Zhu J., Zhang X., Wierzbicki T. Stretch-induced wrinkling of highly orthotropic thin films. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 2018, 139, 238-249

9. Zhu J., Wierzbicki T., Li W. A review of safety-focused mechanical modeling of commercial lithium-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 2018, 378: 153-168.

8. Luo H., Zhu J., Sahraei E., Xia Y.* Adhesion strength of the cathode in lithium-ion batteries under combined tension/shear loadings. RSC Advances, 2018, 8(8): 3996-4005.


7. Zhang X., Zhu J., Sahraei E. Degradation of battery separators under charge–discharge cycles. RSC Advances, 2017, 7(88): 56099-56107.

6. Qin Z., Zhu J., Li W., Xia Y.*, Zhou Q. System ringing in impact test triggered by upper-and-lower yield points of materials. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2017.


5. Zhu J., Zhang X., Sahraei E., Wierzbicki T. Deformation and failure mechanisms of 18650 battery cells under axial compression. Journal of Power Sources 336 (2016): 332-340.

4. Zhu J., Xia Y., Zhou Q., Wierzbicki T. A rate-dependent model for metals based on a master curve of naormalized hardening behavior of DP steels. Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials, 2016, 2(2): 272-282.

3. Xia Y.*, Zhu J., Wang K., Zhou Q. Design and verification of a strain gauge based load-sensing block for low speed dynamic tests with a servo-hydraulic test machine. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 88 (2016) 139-152.


2. Xia Y., Zhu J., Zhou Q. Verification of a multiple-machine program for material testing from quasi-static to high strain-rate. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2015, 86: 284-294.


1. Zhu J., Xia Y., Luo H., Gu G., Zhou Q. Influence of flow rule and calibration approach on plasticity characterization of DP780 steel sheets using Hill48 model. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. 89 (2014) 148–157.