Journal Articles | Preprints | Manuscripts

= denotes the authors with equal contributions; * denotes the corresponding author(s)

Preprints & manuscripts in preparation

47. Song J., Wang Z., Lim J., Xu H., Zhu J. Digital-twin-driven diagnostics of crack propagation in a single LiNi0.70Mn0.15Co0.15O2 secondary particle during lithium intercalation. In preparation. 

46. Jiao J., Fang R., Li W.,  Zhu J. A stability phase diagram of Li-metal all-solid-state batteries based on high-fidelity electro-chemo-mechanical model. In preparation. 

45. Li W., Fang R., Jiao J., Vassilakis G. N., Zhu J. Tutorial: Neural Network Methods of Computing Phase-Field Theories. Under review 

44. Fang R.=, Li W.=, Jiao J., Zhao L, Yao Y., Zhu J. Modeling the electro-chemo-mechanical failure at the lithium-solid electrolyte interface: Void evolution and lithium penetration. Under review


43. Ipers G.=, Jiao J.=, Pathak S.=, Fang R., Berliner M. D., Li W., Li W., Braatz R. D., Bazant M. Z., and Zhu J. Rapid simulation of electro-chemo-mechanical deformation of Li-ion batteries based on porous electrode theory. The Journal of the Electrochemical Society. (2024) 171, 050557 [Open Access][PDF]

42. Ihuaenyi, R. C., Luo, J., Li, W., & Zhu, J. Seeking the Most Informative Design of Test Specimens for Learning Constitutive Models. Extreme Mechanics Letters (2024): 102169 [PDF]

41. Singh, A., Song, J., Li, W., Martin, T., Xu, H., Finegan, D., & Zhu, J. Microstructure-Chemomechanics Relations of Polycrystalline Cathodes in Solid-State Batteries.  Extreme Mechanics Letters  (2024): 102164 [PDF]

40. Gu X., Bai H., Cui X., Zhu J., Zhuang W., Li Z, Hu X., Song Z. Challenges and opportunities for second-life batteries: Key technologies and economy. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, (2024) 192, 114191 [PDF]


39. Schwietert T. K., Ombrini P., Ootes L. S., Oostrum L., Azizi V., Cogswell D., Zhu J., Bazant M. Z., Wagemaker M., Vasileiadis A. Phase-Field Computational Framework for Addressing Challenges in Solid-State Batteries. PRX Energy. (2023) 2, 033014 [PDF]

38. Cao D., Zhang K., Li W., Zhang Y., Ji T., Zhao X., Cakmak E., Zhu J., Cao Y., Zhu H. Nondestructively Visualizing and Understanding the Mechano-Electro-chemical Origins of “Soft Short” and “Creeping” in All-Solid-State Batteries. Advanced Functional Materials. (2023) 33, 2307998[PDF][SI]

36. Zhao L., Li W., Wu C., Ai Q., Guo L., Chen Z., Zheng J., Anderson M., Guo H., Lou J., Liang Y., Fan Z., Zhu J., Yao Y. Taming Metal-Solid Electrolyte Interface Instability via Metal Strain Hardening. Advanced Energy Materials. (2023), 2300679 [PDF] [SI]

34. Cao D., Ji T., Singh A., Bak S., Du Y., Xiao X., Xu H., Zhu J., Zhu H. Unveiling the Mechanical and Electrochemical Evolution of Nano Silicon Composite Anodes in Sulfide based All-solid-state Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials. (2023) 13(14), 2203969 [PDF][SI]

33. Zhou Y. R., Effendy S., Zhu J., Petr M. T., Cwalina C. D., Bazant M. Z., Yildiz B., Li J., Short M. P. Coupled Effect of Water Absorption and Ion Transport in Hydrated Latex Anti-Corrosion Coatings. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, (2023), 20.1, 187-200 [PDF]


32. Sun J., Peng J., Ring T., Whittaker-Brooks L., Zhu J., Fraggedakis D., Niu J., Gao T., Wang F. Lithium deposition mechanism on Si and Cu substrates in the carbonate electrolyte. Energy & Environmental Science, (2022) 15, 5284-5299 [PDF]

31. Li W., Xing B., Watkins T., Xia Y., Wang H.*, Zhu J.* Damage of Prismatic Lithium-ion Cells Subject to Bending: Test, Model, and Detection. EcoMat, (2022) 4(6) e12257 [PDF]


30. Zhu J.= *, Mathews I.=,  Ren D.=, Li W., Cogswell D., Xing B., Sedlatschek T., Rantareddy S.N.R., Yi M., Gao T., Xia Y., Zhou Q., Wierzbicki T., Bazant M.Z. End-of-Life or Second-Life Options for Retired Electric Vehicle Batteries. Cell Reports Physical Science. 2,8(2021) 100537 [PDF]

29. Tancogne-Dejean T., Gorji M.B., Zhu J., Mohr D., Recurrent Neural Network Plasticity Model of Lithium-ion Battery Cells. International Journal of Plasticity.  146(2021) 103072 [PDF]

28. Li W., Bazant M.Z., Zhu J.* A physics-guided neural network framework of elastic plates: comparison of governing equations-based and energy-based approaches. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering.  381,1(2021) 113933. (arXiv: 2010.06050) [PDF]

27. Xu H., Zhu J., Finegan D. P., Zhao H., Lu X., Li W., Hoffman N., Shearing P., Bazant M. Z.  Guiding the design of heterogeneous electrode microstructures for Li-ion batteries: microscopic imaging, predictive modeling, and machine learning. Advanced Energy Materials. (2021) 2003908 [PDF]

26. Finegan D.P., Zhu J., Feng X., Keyser M., Ulmefors M., Li W., Bazant M.Z., Cooper S.J. The Application of Data-Driven Methods and Physics-Based Learning for Improving Battery Safety. Joule. 5 2 (2021) 316-329 [PDF]

25. Sedlatschek T., Lian J., Li W., Jiang M., Wierzbicki T., Bazant M.Z.*, Zhu J.* Large-deformation plasticity and fracture behavior of pure lithium under various stress states. Acta Materialia. 208 15 (2021) 116730 [PDF]


24. Li W. & Zhu J.* A Large Deformation and Fracture Model of Lithium-Ion Battery Cells Treated as a Homogenized Medium. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2020, 167 120504 [PDF]

23. Lian J.*, Koch M.M., Wierzbicki T., Zhu J.* Mechanical Deformation of Lithium-Ion Pouch Cells under In-Plane Loads—Part II: Computational Modeling. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2020, 167 (9), 090556 (Focus Issue on battery safety, open access) [PDF]

22. Zhu J.*, Koch M.M., Lian J., Wierzbicki T. Mechanical Deformation of Lithium-Ion Pouch Cells under In-Plane Loads—Part I: Experimental Investigation. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2020, 167 (9), 090533 (Focus Issue on battery safety, open access) [PDF] 

21. Pan Z., Zhu J.*, Xu H.*, Sadlatschek T., Zhang X., Li W., Gao T., Xia Y., Wierzbicki T. Microstructural deformation patterns of a highly orthotropic polypropylene separator of lithium-ion batteries: Mechanism, model, and theory. Extreme Mechanics Letters. 2020 (37) 100705 [PDF]


20. Li W.=, Zhu J.= *, Xia Y.*, Gorji M., Wierzbicki T. Data-driven safety envelope of lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles. Joule. 2019. 3 (11), 2703-2715 [PDF] [SI]

19. Zhu J.= *, Li W.=, Wierzbicki T., Xia Y.*, Harding J. Deformation and failure of lithium-ion batteries treated as a discrete layered structure. International Journal of Plasticity. 2019,121:293-311 [PDF]

18. Lian J.*, Wierzbicki T., Zhu J., Li W. Prediction of shear crack formation of Lithium-ion batteries under rod indentation: Comparison of seven failure criteria. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 2019. 217:106520. [PDF]

17. Zhu J.*, Luo H., Li W., Gao T., Xia Y.*, Wierzbicki T. Mechanism of strengthening of battery resistance under dynamic loading. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 2019, 131, 78-84. [PDF]


16. Zhu J., Wierzbicki T., Pack K., Roggeband S. Characterization of the cyclic loading in the tube expansion process. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. 2018, 150, 112-126. [PDF]

15. Zhu J.= *, Li W.=, Xia Y., Sahraei E. Testing and modeling the mechanical properties of the granular materials of graphite anode. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2018, 165 (5), A1160-A1168 [PDF]

14. Zhu J.*, Zhang X, Luo H, Sahraei E.* Investigation of the deformation mechanisms of lithium-ion battery components using in-situ micro tests. Applied Energy. 2018, 224, 251-266 [PDF]

13. Zhu J.*, Zhang X., Wierzbicki T., et al. Design of the shield plate for Electric Vehicle battery pack against ground impact. Proceedings of SAE Conference. 2018 [PDF]

12. Li W., Luo H., Zhu J., Xia Y. SOC-dependence of the mechanical behavior of lithium-ion batteries: a result of internal stress. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2018, 165 (7), A1537-A1546 [PDF]

11. Chung S.H., Tancogne-Dejean T., Zhu J. et al. Failure in lithium-ion batteries under transverse indentation loading. Journal of Power Sources. 2018, 389, 148-159 [PDF]

10. Zhu J., Zhang X., Wierzbicki T. Stretch-induced wrinkling of highly orthotropic thin films. International Journal of Solids and Structures. 2018, 139, 238-249 [PDF]

9. Zhu J., Wierzbicki T., Li W. A review of safety-focused mechanical modeling of commercial lithium-ion batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 2018, 378: 153-168. [PDF]

8. Luo H., Zhu J., Sahraei E., Xia Y.* Adhesion strength of the cathode in lithium-ion batteries under combined tension/shear loadings. RSC Advances, 2018, 8(8): 3996-4005. [PDF]


7. Zhang X., Zhu J., Sahraei E. Degradation of battery separators under charge–discharge cycles. RSC Advances, 2017, 7(88): 56099-56107. [PDF]

6. Qin Z., Zhu J., Li W., Xia Y.*, Zhou Q. System ringing in impact test triggered by upper-and-lower yield points of materials. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2017. [PDF]


5. Zhu J., Zhang X., Sahraei E., Wierzbicki T. Deformation and failure mechanisms of 18650 battery cells under axial compression. Journal of Power Sources 336 (2016): 332-340. [PDF]

4. Zhu J., Xia Y., Zhou Q., Wierzbicki T. A rate-dependent model for metals based on a master curve of naormalized hardening behavior of DP steels. Journal of Dynamic Behavior of Materials, 2016, 2(2): 272-282. [PDF]

3. Xia Y.*, Zhu J., Wang K., Zhou Q. Design and verification of a strain gauge based load-sensing block for low speed dynamic tests with a servo-hydraulic test machine. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 88 (2016) 139-152. [PDF]


2. Xia Y., Zhu J., Zhou Q. Verification of a multiple-machine program for material testing from quasi-static to high strain-rate. International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2015, 86: 284-294. [PDF]


1. Zhu J., Xia Y., Luo H., Gu G., Zhou Q. Influence of flow rule and calibration approach on plasticity characterization of DP780 steel sheets using Hill48 model. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. 89 (2014) 148–157. [PDF]